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What Is Hosting?
What Is Hosting?
Internet sites are built on land, just like real-life sites. The virtual land required to publish a website is called “hosting”. Hosting, an English term, can be translated into our language as “web hosting space” or “hosting space”.
Hosting is a service that stores and keeps all files belonging to your web page on a computer 365 days a year. These computers are called” servers “or” web servers".
Web servers are more hardware-capable machines than computers in your home or office. Servers are hosted in places called” datacenter “or” data center". Data centers have a very high-speed internet connection, do not experience power outages, are protected against natural disasters such as floods and earthquakes. For this reason, your sites are accessible to visitors under all circumstances.
What Does Hosting Do?
Images inside your website, written content, function files, in short, everything necessary for the publication of the site is stored in your hosting account. When visitors type the address of your site in the web browser, they are redirected to the server where the files for your site are hosted. It is not possible to publish your site on the web without having a hosting account.
What Are The Types Of Hosting?
Hosting service; they are released under various names depending on the size of the resources needed for your site's needs, the operating system used by the server, and the type of provision.
Types Of Hosting According To The Operating System It Uses
Because Web servers are actually computers, they need an operating system, just like computers in your home or office. There are two different types of hosting according to the operating system.
Also known as” Linux-based hosting". Linux is the type of hosting that uses the operating system. Ideal for hosting sites using PHP, MySQL, Perl and Cgi. In addition, popular CMS systems such as WordPress and OpenCart are hosted with the best Linux hosting packages.
Also known as” Windows-based hosting". It is the type of hosting that uses the Windows operating system. Ideal for hosting sites written in ASP coding language. Applications developed on the .NET Framework also run on most stable Windows hosting. Windows hosting is also the type of hosting where MSSQL and Access database work best.
Types Of Hosting By Sharing Type
A site can be hosted on servers where the Host service is provided, as well as multiple sites can be hosted by fragmentation by various methods. The Hosting service can be examined in four groups according to the sharing type.
It is also called” physical server". It is a type of hosting in which the entire server (hence all server resources) belongs to the customer. Dedicated server domains can host a site on this server, or they can host multiple sites using various virtualization methods.
English” Virtual Dedicated Server " is created with an abbreviation of the initials. It can be translated into our language as” virtualized physical server". VDS packages allow one physical server to be used as multiple physical servers through various programs. If a dedicated server is divided into VDS, each VDS has its own operating system and resources. So some of the VDS accounts on a server use the Linux operating system, while others use the Windows operating system.
In VDS hosting packages, server resources are assigned separately for each VDS. For example, one of the 2 VDS accounts on a physical server with 2 TB of storage can be defined as 512 GB of storage, while the other can be defined as 1536 GB of storage. It is also possible to determine other sources, such as traffic, RAM, in this way.
” Virtual Private Server " in English is named by an abbreviation of the initials. It is possible to translate it into our language as a” virtualized private server". As with VDS packages, a physical server is virtualized and created to separate it into different physical servers. Its difference from VDS is the common use of server resources. In other words, in this hosting model, VPS accounts installed on the server use RAM, CPU and other resources according to their instant needs.
Shared Web Hosting
It is sold on the market under the name “shared hosting”. As its name implies, it is used for the purpose of hosting many websites on a server. In shared hosting accounts, only one site can be hosted in one account. Resources such as CPU and RAM are shared by all sites on the server. For this reason, your site may have access problems due to excessive resource consumption of other sites on the server. Because it is economical, it is ideal for sites that have few visitors and do not need a lot of resources.
Other Types Of Hosting
Apart from the hosting types listed above, there are four different hosting services sold on the market under the name “WordPress Hosting”, “Cloud Server”, “corporate Hosting” and “email server”.
It is a type of hosting specifically optimized for WordPress use. It is allocated through Linux-based servers. Because websites published using WordPress consume more server resources, this web hosting product has become preferred in recent years.
This hosting package is usually sold with WordPress installed. Many apps and free themes that will make your site more functional are also installed as standard. In addition, any updates to the WordPress software itself are automatically received.
WordPress hosting packages usually do not have hosting panel access. A plugin called WP-CLI is used when you want to edit WordPress files. This plugin creates a command line in the admin panel, and editing the theme, plugin, system files is done from this command line.
WordPress hosts use SSD for storage. Because Disk read and write capacity is faster than HDD, visitors ' access to content becomes faster.
Security-poor aspects of WordPress are made stronger by various security patches. In addition, by using different software for the caching process, the site is allowed to run faster.
Some packages also use CDN services and SSL certificates. It is also sold in packages where it is possible to use the subdomain.
The first of the two biggest disadvantages is that if you want to publish your site in a different script other than WordPress, this process is not possible without changing your hosting type. The second disadvantage is that it does not allow you to make any optimizations that you may need on your server, as it does not have access to the server.
This technology, which can be translated as “cloud server” in our language, can be defined as obtaining virtual physical servers from a server pool created by many physical servers using the virtualization method.
The biggest advantage of instances is that server resources can be increased or reduced over a panel, as needed. When your needs for system resources vary, you do not need to physically make a server change.
Your site is not adversely affected by any hardware failure that may occur on instances. Instead of decreasing resources due to failure, resources are provided from other servers in the server Park. Therefore, your website will not remain closed or lose speed until the related fault is fixed.
A visitor who wants to access a site hosted on a cloud server visits through the server located in the nearest geographic location for access. This situation, for instance in Germany, Bulgaria, Turkey that is created through virtualization of physical servers on site visitors who want to enter Greece on a cloud server; displays the closest geographical location to a server in Bulgaria on your site. In this way, the speed of access to your site and the speed of navigation within your site will be higher.
Currently, many web hosting companies also prefer the cloud server solution in VPS packages. In addition, almost all instances use SSD storage technology. Cloud servers built with HDD are relatively slower.
It is a web hosting solution that is generally preferred by businesses with heavy email traffic. The only difference from a Normal Linux or Windows hosting service is that different technologies are used to receive and send healthier e-mail. In addition, the storage space is also larger so that emails can be stored in the system without deleting them.
E-mail is preferred by businesses with very heavy traffic. A website or other application cannot be hosted in this type of hosting. The entire server is optimized to provide email traffic flawlessly.
It has the same purpose as an e-mail server, it is one of the most ideal solutions for businesses and institutions with very heavy e-mail traffic. In these packages created only for e-mail use, website publishing cannot be done.
Services Provided By Hosting Companies
Apart from web hosting, Hosting companies offer services such as domain sales, domain transfer, ready-made site sales, SSL certificate sales, server maintenance and optimization.
Depending on the type of hosting package you purchase, some of the above services may be included in the service you purchase. In order not to experience a forward-looking victimization in packages that include server maintenance and optimization, the limits of this service must be clearly learned before purchase.
How To Ensure Hosting Security?
A Hosting account is the most important element necessary for a site to continue its broadcast life without interruption. Therefore, its security must be ensured at a high level. In order to ensure the security of the Hosting account, it is important to pay attention to the following considerations.
1. Use hard-to-guess passwords. Create the passwords you use using numbers, uppercase, lowercase letters, punctuation marks, and special characters.
2. Also do not use the passwords you use in your social media accounts and email accounts. Learning these passwords, which are easier for malicious people to seize, also means learning the passwords of your hosting account.
3. Assign different passwords to all fields in your Hosting account, such as the database accessed with a password.
4. Renew the passwords of all encrypted domains in your Hosting account at certain periods.
5. Use on-screen keyboard when entering password into your Hosting account.
6. Note the dates you access your Hosting account and the dates you edit files. Check the system records for access to or editing your account without your knowledge.
7. Do not give a value of “chmod 777” unless necessary to any file in the system. The Ideal chomod value is” 644 “and” 755".
8. Use only plug-ins, modifications, and patches from trusted sources. Do not install software whose source is unclear on your hosting account.
9. Be sure to install antivirus software on your computer. Prevent malicious software that you may unintentionally download to your computer from accessing your information, such as passwords.
Which Hosting Company Should I Choose?
More important than determining the features of the hosting package you choose is the element, “which hosting company should I choose?"to be able to give a healthy answer to the question. Because hosting service; usually annual, some packages are used by pre-payment on a monthly basis.
As with any service, the hosting service has a certain cost to the company that provides the hosting plan. In many of the leading companies in the sector, prices are close to each other. For this reason, it is likely that a hosting plan is sold at prices contrary to commercial logic; this service is in danger of not being able to use it until the end of the service period. Because many of the companies that have just entered the sector are trying to provide services at prices below their cost in order to increase their customer base. If they can't reach the number of customers they target, they disappear from the sector quietly because they can't pay data center costs. In such a case, the files belonging to your sites will no longer be able to access. This means that both the money you pay and the labor you spend on your site are wasted. For this reason, before the price of the hosting service, you should pay attention to how long the company you will buy has existed in the industry.
Another element to consider when choosing a Hosting company is the after-sales service policy of the business. Because websites are structures that can be accessed 24/7 and therefore can experience technical problems caused by a 24/7 server. A hosting company that provides technical support only during working hours may cause you to experience a loss of visitors, as it will provide late support for problems that will occur after working hours.
What services can be obtained with Hosting?
A domain name is one of the mandatory services for publishing a website. This service, which represents your brand in the internet environment, should be carefully selected. Catchy and not easily pronounced domain names, unfortunately, will not be sufficiently adopted by users.
If you have not registered a domain name yet, you can find the best domain name for you by going to our domain query page.
In addition to being a high-quota and frequently backed-up service, the corporate email service provides you with superior protection with professional antispam filters. The standard email service included in Hosting packages has a low quota and a standard antispam filter. For this reason, corporate email packages with high quotas and professional antispam are recommended. By reviewing our corporate email packages, you can choose a package that suits you.
An SSL certificate creates a secure layer between websites and their visitors ' browsers, allowing them to exchange information and data encrypted. If you have an e-commerce site, you must have a paid SSL certificate. Both the bank or organization that you provide with virtual POS demands it, and it will give confidence to users who will shop on your site. SSL certificates can be obtained on a 1-year and 2-year basis. We recommend that you check out the SSL certificate services we provide.
Choosing Hosting For High Traffic Websites
High-traffic internet sites also have higher resource usage and need than normal sites. This is because transactions also occur in the software while each user trades on the site. These operations also use a specific resource. By source, we mean RAM, CPU, and IOPS. In parallel with this, the higher the optimization value of your site and the higher the resource values of your hosting package, the more users your site can remove.
Choosing Hosting For Low-Traffic Websites
In general, sites with low traffic do not need a lot of resources. For this reason, there is no need to be financially burdened by purchasing hosting packages with very high Resources. Considering the optimization value of your site, you can save money by buying an average package.
Hosting etc. Differences Between Servers
We can most clearly explain the difference between Hosting and server as follows. Imagine renting only one room of a house with Hosting. A few other people live in the same house with you. Hosting is exactly like this. A specific server has several other sites other than your sites. It is subject to certain rules and restrictions. But in the server service, the house is completely owned by you, you can set your own rules and you are the most competent person. We have briefly explained the difference between this example and. In addition, the server service provides higher performance than the hosting service.